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Globalni LCD vojna zgodovina (1996 -2011)

Feb 20, 2017

Transnacionalno združitev

SUT (SUT) je matična družba Chi Mei Group Taiwan petrokemični velikan, je začela delovati leta 1997, barvni filter, ki so kupljeni od CMK družbe Japonske rabljenega majhen filter proizvodni liniji, ki sodi v 1 generacije črte, po sposobnosti preoblikovanja 35000 mesecev. Toda ta naložba po odkritju v Tajvanu skoraj ne morejo najti kupcev. Takrat samo Zavoji Optoelektronika Technology Heyuantai dva proizvodna TFT plošče, filtra, vsi uvoženi iz Japonske, SUT je težko vstopiti na ta trg. Upravljanje SUT v oceni, da je, ker nihče ne kupi, ne pa zgolj sami. Z drugimi besedami, to je, zakaj. Leta 1998 je v skupine številka dve Chi Mei optoelektroniko industrija družba, od katerih je proizvodnja barvo filtra SUT, druga je čudno kristalno fotoelektrični LCD proizvodnja zaslona TFT. V maju 2000 se pripraviti na nepremičninah, združitve, združene na ime SUT.

V juliju 2001, AUO napovedal manj kot štiri mesece po združitvi. Tajvan SUT napovedal nakup IBM na Japonskem Yasu 3 generacije linije (IBM izhod iz plošče industrije LCD), in ustanovila skupno podjetje, podjetja in drugi IDT. Wild Delta to 3 generacije zmogljivost proge je 75 tisoč ustreza HannStar dveh 3 linijo zmogljivosti. Tovarna je japonski veteran velikih tehnoloških podjetij, prenos je prenesla tehnologijo TFT s scientologijo. Z ustanovitvijo skupnega podjetja, podjetje SUT pridobil patent in pravico do uporabe izvirno bazo strank, SUT postala Tajvan podjetja le prenos tehnologije ne bo treba plačati stroškov podjetja, je edino podjetje v lasti proizvajalcev barvni filter . Istega leta se je gradnja proge 4 generacije v Tajvanu Chi mei. 26. avgust 2002 kotacijo. Do konca leta 2003 je postala velika svetovna velikost (20 palcev ali več) LCD zaslon, ki je največji dobavitelj, drugi le na Japonskem, SHARP. Leta 2005 se je japonska podružnica IDT proizvodnjo LCD zaslon oddelek SUT pridobila SONY. Jeseni istega leta, Chi Mei začeli graditi prve 7,5 vrstice, proizvodnjo do konca leta 2006. V letu 2007, Chi Mei graditi tudi 6 in 7,5 generacije in 8.5 generacije linijo, dana v obratovanje leta 2008 obraz finančne krize .

PVI je bila ustanovljena junija 1992, je poleg proizvajalcev panelov Tajvan TFT zunaj starega lianyou. Yongfeng je glavni delničar PVI Yu papirja skupine. Ko šef je Shouchuan glede zaslonu ploščatih bo nadomestil trend papirja, velik obseg v TFT industriji. Leta 1995 je gradnja 2. generacije linije. Na Japonskem niso mogli dobiti prenos tehnologije pod pogojem PVI kombinaciji s Tajvana erso tehnologije in tehničnega osebja, ki so se vrnili iz Združenih držav Amerike, proizvodne tehnologije, specializirano v malih in srednje velikih plošč, končno donosnost v letu 2003.

Tretji LCD industrija upada v letu 1997, tako da podjetja dobijo dostop do priložnosti Tajvana. V kratkem obdobju 1999-2000, vse družbe v industriji koristi od njega. Četrti recesija ustvarja več prostora za nove udeležence. Guang Hui, INNOLUX in TPO podjetja so vstopili v tem obdobju.

Guang Hui Electronics je matična družba kvantov skupine (največja svetovna prenosni računalnik OEM) in SHARP skupno podjetje. Maj 1999, Guang Hui in SHARP podpisali pogodbo o prenosu tehnologije. Investirati 15 milijard juanov NT gradnjo 3,5 generacije linije, končana novembra 2000. To je 3,5 generacija Tajvanu linije četrtino. Leta 2000, Quanta premagal Toshiba, postaja največji svetovni proizvajalec prenosnik. Ampak za LCD ceno plošče za prenosni računalnik 1/3 proizvodnih stroškov se povečuje, zaradi česar Quanta osebno pridružijo industriji TFT plošče. To SHARP in širitev ciljne proizvodna zmogljivost Guihui postal strinjate, brez predhodnega brez prejšnjega posvetovanja, Tajvan edini vir tehnoloških delnic TFT družbe.

Innolux je bila ustanovljena 14. januarja 2003, njena matična družba, Hon Hai Precision Tajvana (največje svetovne proizvajalce elektronike podjetja). Sychip je matična družba Compal računalniške skupine, glavni majhnost nizke temperature polisilicijev TFT plošči. Tehnična ekipa je prvotna tehnična ekipa namestnik direktorja inštituta za elektronske tehnologije raziskovalni inštitut vodil. Februarja 2001 začela graditi 3,5 generacije linije, in SANYO razviti množično tehnologijo proizvodnje.

V četrtem industrijski recesiji, južnokorejski podjetja za izgradnjo linije konkurenco na 5 generacije s proizvajalci Tajvanu. Nova 5 generacija linija pripeljala do novega kroga blaginje industrije, od leta 2003 do leta 2004, in je začel razcvet industrije. Proizvajalci Tajvan zgraditi veliko število visoko proizvodnjo linijo. Trenutno je trend centralizacije v Tajvanu plošče industriji. 2006 Združitev AUO plošča Wuhu "ena od številnih Hui, enkrat v približevanju obsegu Samsung in LG. V 5. oktobra 2009, s sychip qunchuang. V 14. novembra istega leta, Hon Hai skupina 7 milijard 400 milijonov juanov pridobitev sut. V 18. marca 2010, CHIMEI in INNOLUX, TPO združila nova SUT je bila formalno ustanovljena, to je tistega, tretjega največjega na svetu tovarni plošče.

Po izbruhu svetovne finančne krize, Tajvan LCD proizvajalci pade na robu proizvodnje. 2009 1-6 mesece, da pridejo naprej, ki jih je ministrstvo za industrijo, Urad za odnose s Tajvanom, dva zaporedna organizacija China devet barvnih proizvajalci TV v Tajvanu, ki kupuje LCD zaslon, skupni znesek do 4 milijarde milijonov $ 400, skupaj več kot 12 milijonov kosov, Tajvan LCD panel poslovanja, iz finančne krize. In Kitajci dobili donos, je zabodel v hrbet. Južnokorejski podjetja od februarja 2009 dalje, nenadoma v gotovini za nakup Tajvanu 4 milijone kosov kvantov, SUT inventarja, in podpisal pogodbo o nakupu za leto 2009. Ta nadzor vedenja ponudbe na trgu, tako da je kopno začel soočati veliko pomanjkanje plošč. Hkrati so južnokorejski podjetij, da zmanjšajo količino tekočih izvoza kristalov na Kitajskem, se je začela s ceno. 2009 3-8 mesec povečal več kot 30%, zaradi česar je na Kitajskem barvni TV družb spet v težavah. Tajvan podjetja omogočajo te situacije, spremljanje nadzora proizvodnje, od velikih dobičkov.

Svetovna finančna kriza s spremembami v industriji sprožil

V drugi polovici leta 2008, je globalna finančna kriza še enkrat udaril TFT industrijo, zaradi česar je predčasno prekinitev od začetka recesije leta 2007 in pahnila v recesijo. Vendar nas je zgodovina naučila, da je ta recesija zagotavlja možnosti za počasneže. To je kitajski celini podjetij.

Po izbruhu svetovne finančne krize, so Južna Koreja je Samsung in LG upočasnila ustaviti gradnjo 8 generacije linije. Čeprav je Japonska zavzema pomembno mesto v zgornjem toku industrijske verige (opreme in surovin), vendar veliko število proizvajalcev so se ustavili širitev. Prvi vzpostaviti proizvodno linijo NEC februarja 2004 napovedala umik LCD industrije, SONY odločil zgraditi skupno podjetje s Samsungom. Samo SHARP še vedno tekmuje z južnokorejskih podjetij v proizvodni liniji. Novembra 2007, SHARP začel gradnjo prve 10 generacije linije na svetu (2880 x 3130mm steklo substrata). Toda finančna kriza prizadela, SHARP izgubil $ 2008 v proračunskem letu 1 milijardo 300 milijonov. To je oster prva izguba od kotacije na borzi v Tokiu borzo leta 1956.

Tajvan TFT industrija kljub velikosti (po Južni Koreji), vendar je v svetovne finančne krize je izpostavljena usodno pomanjkljivost Tajvana za razliko od Japonske in Južne Koreje, z velikim številom prodajnih industrije (iz lokalnega računalnika in televizije terminal) ogromen povpraševanje, se mora zanesti na Japonskem in v Južni Koreji in na kitajskem, nakup. V primeru počasno svetovnega povpraševanja, v avgustu 2008, SONY, Samsung, LG in drugih japonskih podjetij razveljavila prejšnje naročila za regijo Tajvanu, za lastno oskrbo. To neposredno privedlo do plošče podjetja stopnji operacijskega Tajvanu znižal na 4, skoraj na robu smrti linije. Hkrati bo AU Optronics in Chi Mei so zgradili v vrstico z zamudo proizvodnjo 7.5 in 8.5 generacije, in začel proizvodnih delavcev na neplačani dopust.

V luči svetovne finančne krize, le ena država na svetu je večje povpraševanje po LCD zaslonih, na kitajskem trgu. V tem primeru, je vlada Kitajska odpušča, poslana skupini deželni naročanja Tajvanu, podpisala nakup plošča naročila ZDA 4 milijarde milijonov $ 400, Tajvan podjetja iz brezna.

Tajvan in Japonska so najbolj zahrbtno vlogo pri razvoju Kitajske LCD industriji. Na Tajvan, ki je v ozadju upanja Tajvanu pravočasno pomoč, bi podjetja plošča ustanovi tovarn na celini, celinsko podjetja ali pridobitve lastniških Tajvan plošči podjetij. Vendar pa je v 30. junija 2009, Tajvan objavila najnovejšo celino naložbeno politiko, da prepove celino podjetja, da vlagajo v Tajvanu plošči, medtem ko omejuje plošče podjetja v Tajvan vlagati v celinskem delu. Do leta avgust BOE napovedal gradnjo 8,5 generacije linije, na Tajvanu, v 9. februarja 2010, nerad se dogovorili za javnost napovedane plošče podjetja, ki vlagajo v celinski visoke proizvodne linije, in mora ohraniti generacija bolj kot razlike v tehnologiji in otok Tajvana. Poleg tega razlikovanja politike, so se proizvajalci Tajvan sodelovale z japonskimi in korejskimi proizvajalci še naprej nadzor cen LCD zaslon, erozijo interesu proizvajalcev in Kitajsko; Kitajski LCD zaslon industrija še penetracijo, poskus, da pridobijo status nadzora. To LXGF vedenje, ignoble.

Septembra 1998, Jilin caipin (v lasti Jilin Electronics Group in kitajske akademije znanosti Changchun Instituta in drugih enot), 84 milijonov $ iz DTI Japonska uvedla TFT-LCD proizvodno linijo prva generacija (DTI je zgrajena leta 1991, staro linijo) in v proizvodnji oktober 1999 poskusno v Changchun, sledila vrsta dejavnikov, kot so kapital, tehnologija, tržni umre.

Kitajski zaslon industrija ploski

Kitajski tableta industrija se je začela v zadnjem stoletju ob koncu 70-ih let, nekdanji Ministrstvo za elektronsko industrijo 774 tovarni (Peking elektronov cev tovarne, BoE predhodnik), 77 tovarne (Hunan, Changsha Shuguang Electronic Tube Factory), Kitajska akademija 713 tovarna ( Henan Xinxiang) in Shanghai elektronski cev tovarne, ima vgrajeno 4 palčni TN-LCD eksperimentalni proizvodno linijo stekleni substrat, ki se uporablja pri proizvodnji elektronskih ure, kalkulatorji in nekatere inštrument LCD izdelkov. Tsinghua University, Changchun Inštitut za fiziko in drugih raziskovalnih enot so začeli stopil v razvoj tehnologije LCD. Toda do leta 1984, ali je samo montaža opreme ali opreme, uvozijo iz Združenih držav Amerike, je majhen obseg eksperimentalni linijo, je oblikoval obseg proizvodnje, vendar laboratorij in eksperimentalne proge je postavil temelje za Kitajsko LCD industriji. Skupina ljudi, ki so delali na teh eksperimentov so igrali pomembno vlogo pri razvoju Kitajske LCD industriji.

Leta 1984 je Ćatić Shenzhen Tianma podjetje zgradilo prvi 4-palčni specifikacije TN-LCD proizvodno linijo, 77 tovarne, zgradili prvo 7-palčni velikosti opreme napredno proizvodno linijo (obseg LCD glavne opreme je predstavil iz Japonske Hongkong). Po tem, Shenzhen SAST skupina in skupina Singapur Hui ustanovila skupno podjetje, v Shenzhen hansfi družbi, so tudi 7-palčni specifikacije proizvodnje TN-LCD linije, Shenzhen Jinghua, skoraj v istem času zgradili tudi proizvodno linijo TN LCD-je proizvodna linija zasedla prvo Kangli podjetje v Hongkong se prenese tudi na LCD izhod Guangdong Huizhou. Potem Tianma dva, kristalno bud, Tajske in drugih več kot 12-palčni specifikacije so bile zgrajene ena za drugo bolj množično TN LCD proizvodne linije. Poleg domačega gradnjo proizvodne linije, v pismu, ki ga veliko podjetij v Hongkong v tem obdobju zastopane so bile tudi v celinskem delu za izgradnjo TN - LCD proizvodno linijo. Ob koncu 80. let, devetdeset na začetku tega obdobja se šteje, da je prvo zlato obdobje Kitajska LCD industrije, to obdobje oblikovali velik obseg TN-LCD industrije, Shenzhen Tianma družbe od začetka 4-palčni linije, in kmalu zgradili 1 7-palčni linijo, v zgodnjih 90. letih prejšnjega stoletja in zaključili 1 12-palčni linijo, ko je velikost kadar večje, boljše kakovosti, zbrala skupina tehničnega osebja na visoki ravni, in s tem določi svoj položaj v industriji.

Kitajska je vključena v STN-LCD od začetka devetdesetih, nacionalni 85 načrt projekta "640 x 200 zelo zvit na tekoče kristale, zaslon projekt" za 77, tovarne in Tsinghua University, Nanjing petinpetdeset skupaj. Po letu 1993, Tianma tri - projekt Tianjun, Hebei Hebei ya, Wuxi SHARP, Šanvei Xinli dva, Shanghai radio in TV LCD, Mailcoat, je zgradil 12 x 14 x 14 inch ali 14-palčni specifikacij STN LCD proizvodne linije, proizvodnjo velikih in srednje velika STN-LCD izdelkov, medtem ko Anshan Sante elektronski (zdaj Anshan ja Shantou, fotoelektrični) ultrazvok podjetje zgradilo v STN-LCD proizvodne linije, v glavnem za proizvodnjo majhnih izdelkov velikosti, drugi visoki tehnični ravni TN-LCD linije v tem obdobje, v skladu s povpraševanjem na trgu, lokalna transformacija združljiva s proizvodnjo STN-LCD izdelkov, kot so Shenzhen, Formosa, Shanghai Haijing, vendar zgradili več kot proizvodno linijo STN-LCD v Wuxi SHARP proizvodnja barvni STN-LCD, druga proizvodnja linije so obarvane samo in način proizvodnje črno in belo STN-LCD.

Od začetka do konca 90. let, STN-LCD vstopil v barvni proizvodno linijo vroče obdobje gradnje, PHILPS v Šanghaju za izgradnjo dveh 14 x 16-palčni barvni STN-LCD linijo, STN proizvodni modul linijo in vnaprej zgrajena v Šanghaju skupaj, poskuša graditi PHILPS Shanghai mesto LCD, in resnično v skladu proizvodnje monokromatsko STN-LCD v CSTN-LCD proizvodno linijo. In naložbe za izgradnjo poseben barvni CSTN-LCD proizvodne linije, japonska podjetja na Japonskem nove naprave zgradili proizvodno linijo CSTN-LCD v Guangdong Dongguan. EPSON in OPTRIX oziroma v Suzhou in Zhangjiagang, vzpostavitev Suzhou EPSON in Zhangjiagang optrex elektroniko in zgradili proizvodne linije, specializirano za proizvodnjo majhnih in srednje velikosti STN in barvni STN-LCD, Shenzhen Tianma leta 2003 za dokončanje štiri faze Tianlong inženiring, proizvodnja barvnim zaslonom, PDA STN-LCD ročno stroj z 14 x 16 palčni CSTN proizvodne linije. Južna Koreja je Samsung po STN proizvodni modul linija v Dongguan vgrajen barvni STN-LCD proizvodne linije, Changchun AlliedSignal zgradili proizvodne barvni STN-LCD linijo za vstop množično fazi proizvodnje, to BYD Co v Shenzhen, Shantou v letu 2004 po vstopu na ultrazvok so zgradili tudi barvni STN-LCD proizvodne linije, se je že začela poskusno proizvodnjo in serijsko proizvodnjo barv STN-LCD.

TFT industrija težko začetek boleča lekcija

Pred letom 2000 je bilo delo Kitajske v TFT omejena na osnovno raziskovalno delo znanstveno-raziskovalnih inštitutov. Septembra 1998, Jilin caipin (v lasti Jilin Electronics Group in kitajske akademije znanosti Changchun Instituta in drugih enot), 84 milijonov $ iz DTI Japonska uvedla TFT-LCD proizvodno linijo prva generacija (DTI je zgrajena leta 1991, staro linijo) in v oktobru 1999 začela poskusno obratovanje v Changchun, vendar ni mogla prodreti skozi ozko grlo pridelka ni visoka. Le proizvodnja uporablja le 16,1-palčni in 10.4 palčni vrhunskih izdelkov, projekt privedlo do propada v realni proizvodnji. Xinhua Nanjing, ki je stala 54 milijonov $, uvedba linije 1 generacije iz Japonske NEC Kagoshima tovarni (zgrajena leta 1991, nazaj na staro črto) po državi ni mogla masovno proizvodnjo.

V aprilu 2002, Shanghai radio in televizijo Group (prej Shanghai TV tovarne) podpisala pismo o nameri z japonskim NEC, investirala skupaj 114 milijard 600 milijonov jenov (10 milijard juanov), v gradnji Shanghai Xhenzhuang industrijski coni, 5 generacija linije, delnice SVA znašal 75%, NEC znašal 25%. Ki jih je skupno podjetje, za nakup v zvezi NEC patente in tehnologijo v 8. oktobra 2004 je Kitajska prva 5 generacija linije dana v obratovanje v Šanghaju (svetovno sedmo linijo 5. generacije), glavno rez za 15-palčni LCD zaslon.

V januarju 2003, Peking BOE po ceni $ 380 milijonov nakupu LCD poslovanja Korejski moderne elektronske (vključno z 2,5 proizvodnje linije, 3 generacije in 3,5 generacije črto), in septembra istega leta v Pekingu Yizhuang gospodarski in tehnološki razvoj Zone, ki bodo imele $ 1 milijardo 200 milijonov za izgradnjo 5 generacije linijo (1100 x 1300mm steklo substrat), proizvodnja v maju 2005. v juniju 2006, Jiangsu Kunshan Ivo, zgrajen tretji do 5 generacije linije Kitajskem. Ivo za Kunshan gospodarski in tehnološki razvoj Zone, in tajvanski sodelujejo v skupnih vlaganjih. Kunshan zemljišča, infrastruktura, prednostne usmeritve in druge dejavnike delnic, ki predstavljajo 51% delnic. Tajvan Baocheng skupina (največji svetovni proizvajalci obutve), zmerna (Can Yu) je glavni delničar, je majhna količina delnic, ki jih je generalni direktor IDTECH družbe Japonske, Hashimoto Takaku, nekdanji SUT TFT tovarna režiser Wang Guohe et al tehnologija svetovalno podjetje NVTech, tehnologija investicijski holding. Ivo zanašajo na tehnologijo in upravljanje s Tajvana več kot 130 ekipe inženirjev.

Do konca leta 2008, Kitajska je začela glavna podjetja v TFT industriji z SVA, BOE in Kunshan zmaj, potem imajo 5 generacije linijo. Toda to nastajajoče industrije stanje ni dobro, izbruh svetovne finančne krize 2008, uničil LCD plošča trg dobička cikel. Marca 2009, SVA zaradi insolventnosti in reorganizacije skrbnik, njegova 5 generacija linija je glavni vir izgub (2008 izguba 1 milijardo 800 milijonov juanov), tako da v proces prestrukturiranja je prodati 2 milijardi 500 milijonov juanov v skupino ČATIĆ (Shenzhen Tianma). BOE in Ivo utrpela tudi izgube. Poleg tega je zaradi izdelkov 5 generacije linije niso primerni za LCD TV velikim zaslonom (samo zmanjšati 15-27 palčni zaslon), tako da je še vedno potrebna Kitajske barvni TV industrija zanašati na uvoz LCD zaslon.

SVA NEC zaostala, bolj je tržna strategija in človeški dejavniki v levo in desno. Oktobra 2004, po operaciji za zmanjšanje SVA 15-palčni računalniški zaslon LCD, je mainstream trg postopoma obrnil na 17-palčni zaslon. Ko je 2005 SVA se odločili, da se obrnejo na 17-palčni trgu, južnokorejski proizvajalci v Tajvanu z velikim obsegom proizvodnje hit na trgu, prekomerna razmere, cene 17-palčni plošči hitro padla na manj kot 160 $, kar je povzročilo SVA nedonosnih. Potem septembra 2006, nekdanji generalni direktor SVA NEC Zhou Jiachun upokojil, generalni direktor Yue Zhi Dianguang elektronski izvirnik (Tajvanski) prevzel. Po Shi Yuezhi v zraku, ampak tudi iz Tajvana, da bi veliko število zaposlenih, in veliko število nadomestnih Tajvana dobaviteljev. SVA NEC je vstopil v "Tajvan" prevladujejo era. Le nekaj več kot 1 leto, november 2007, SVA splošna raven kolektivno, Shi Yuezhi odstopil od predsednika Gu Weimin kot SVA Electronics Co Ltd kriza upravljanja osebja in dva Huanshuai zmeda, kaj je pravkar začela obratovati 3 leta 5 generacije linije je utrpela ogromne izgube v zmerno dan. V amortizacijo opreme high end, visoke cene uvoženih surovin, izdelkov, pomanjkanja konkurenčnosti in tehničnega osebja pretrese, se zanašajo na Japonskem NEC (visoke tehnologije pristojbine za izdajo dovoljenj, kar predstavlja pet letnih prodaje 3%) težke udarec, SVA način NEC "Uvod asimilacija" na koncu. Japonska Mitsui konzorcij je postal končni upravičenci v njih. Tajvanski imajo potencialni tekmec.

Samo na podlagi pesimističnega razpoloženja kitajske TFT industriji. V letu 2009, še vedno izguba v BOE, se je začela širiti presega vsa pričakovanja, nenehno je začel 6 generacije linijo za Hefei Pekingu in generacije Yizhuang 8,5 linije, pobota nevihta tekočih kristalov. "Tuji glavni TFT podjetja (Samsung, LG, SHARP, itd), čez noč spremenili odnos tehnologije Kitajske blokade, ki so začeli na Kitajskem zgraditi projekt visoko generacije linije.

Industrija vodilna pred uničenjem

Uničiti BOE LCD strateški nastala s tem, da je doživela "uničevanje". To ni le doživela uničenje trga večine podjetij v državni lasti na Kitajskem, ampak tudi doživeli uničenje, ki ga industrijsko tehnološke spremembe povzročajo. V zadnjih 30 letih, veliko starih podjetij v državni lasti v konkurenco na trgu, da pade, morajo vsi biti močna, BOE je eden izmed njih.

BoE je predhodnik Ministrstvo elektronike industrije po elektronski cevi tovarni v Pekingu (tovarniško oznako 774). 15, Kitajska elektronska industrija. 1952, v Sovjetski zvezi in Nemške demokratične republike (Vzhodna Nemčija) tehnično podporo, Peking začeli graditi Jiuxianqiao elektronsko industrijsko cono. 15. oktober 1956, Peking elektronski tovarne cevi potekala prelomni slovesnosti, podpredsednik Premier Li fuchun, maršalov Nie Rongzhen in drugi voditelji udeležil govor. Rastlina ima skupno naložbo v višini 100 milijonov juanov, z letno proizvodnjo 12 milijonov kot 200 tisoč elektronskih cevi, je Azija največji elektronski cev tovarni v 60-ih letih se je skupno število zaposlenih skoraj deset tisoč. Poleg tega, Jiuxianqiao zgradili tudi veliko motorno tovarne Peking, North China Radio opremo skupno tovarno (706, 707, 718, ki so v pristojnosti 751, 797, 798, Peking kabel tovarne) elektrarne (738 tovarna), Severno Kitajska fotoelektrične tehnologije raziskovalni inštitut. Zdaj je znana Peking 798 Art Zone nastala pri obnovi tovarni.

Pred 80-ih, je Peking elektronski cev tovarne je največji in najmočnejši Kitajske elektronske komponente tovarne, je Kitajska elektronska industrija in hrbtenica nacionalne obrambne industrije. Toda po reform in odpiranja, z razvojem tehnologije polprevodnikov integrirana vezja se hitro zamenjavo tehnologije cevi elektronov, civilne in vojaške naloge hitro krčenje, je "milijon Dachang" temelj propad. Leta 1985 je tovarna razvila iz elektronskih moških v Pekingu, morajo podjetja nositi težko breme: ne samo, da se ohrani kompleksno verigo izdelka (diode, Triode, zaščita cevi, steklene, plesen, elektronski deli predelavo, moč, itd), da vzdrževati vrtci, šole, menze, in druge družbene lastnine vzdrževanje podjetja prtljago, obstaja več kot 8000 upokojil delavcev. Ob zmanjševanju trga proizvodov, Peking elektronski tovarne cevi od leta 1986 do leta 1992 za 7 zaporednih letih izgub lahko v dolg bo postavljeno na robu stečaja.

Koren problema leži v načrtovanega gospodarskega sistema, odvzeta moč podjetij, R & R, ki izhajajo iz hitrega padca podjetja v valu tehnološke nadgradnje. Dejstvo je, 774 rastlina ima svoje tehnične raziskovalne in razvojne zmogljivosti. Kitajska prvi single kristal silicija, prvi polprevodniški integriran projekt vezje je elektronsko tovarne cevi. Vendar pa je v okviru načrtovanega sistema gospodarstva, ko je projekt zrel, da bo lahko šla na višje oblasti, za izgradnjo nove tovarne. Le 774 tovarnah na Kitajskem zgradil elektronski tovarne je do več kot 20, 70 let, je bil tudi poudarja, več delavnic, v Guizhou, Sichuan, Shaanxi in drugih regij gradbenih tri linije.

Peking elektronski cev tovarna je tudi eden od prvih podjetij na Kitajskem, da izvajajo raziskave in razvoj tekočega tehnologije kristali. Leta 1981 je podjetje uspešno razvila TN-LCD zaslon LCD, vendar se zaradi pomanjkanja sredstev in splava. Od takrat se odločili za projekt STN-LCD, sčasoma splava. Do leta 1992 so Dachang 14000 ljudi, letni prihodki le 80 milijonov juanov, razmerje odgovornosti sredstva dosegla 90%, vsak mesec za izposojanje denarja plače, ima podjetje na rob. V 2. septembra 1992 je 35-letni Wang Dongsheng (Zhejiang, Dongyang, diplomiral Hangzhou Institute of Electronics Engineering) kot tovarno elektronov cevi, se je začela, da bi preoblikovanje snap delniške podjetij, zmanjšanje napihnjenosti telesa presežnih delavcev, zložena in ohlapni ljudi, da se popravi vrstni red (ko rastlinstva in celo piščanca); uvesti zunanje financiranje, mobilizacijo delavcev z delnicami. Aprila 1993, Peking elektronske cevi tovarni za upravljanje naložb v vrednostne papirje, več kot 2600 kadrov in delavcev za dvig 6 milijonov 500.000 juanov (dovolj le poslati 3 mesečno plačo) naložbe, in bančni dolg, ustanovitev mešanega lastništva v Pekingu Orient Electronics Group Co, Wang Dongsheng Ren Dong, predsednik in predsednik. Dvignil tudi 6 milijonov 500.000 juanov v rokah delavcev za hipoteke, dobili enako do bančnih posojil, to je prvi BOE "denar seme".

Phoenix Nirvana ponovno rojstvo

Novoustanovljeni BOE, prvi problem je preživetje. Da bi rešili pomanjkanje denarnega toka, je družba v sodelovanju z družbo Singapur ustanovljen nepremičninski družbi Oriental Hengtong, je urad za elektronske tovarne cevi in del razvoja rastlin postane "Oriental Garden", pritegniti Nestle, ABB in drugih znanih podjetij, in dohodek iz najema, da se ohrani delovanje družbe. Vse vodenje družbe preselil iz stavbe na preprost sobno pisarni, je prvotna proizvodnja preselila v stari koči.

Sledi prilagoditve strukture izdelka, proizvodne zmogljivosti družbe na CRT fitingi. Zgodnjih 90. letih je hitra rast Kitajske barvni televizijski industriji, vendar ključni sestavni deli, kot so steklene palice, elektronske puške, itd so uvoženi iz Japonske, veliko lokalizacije. Medtem ko je tradicionalni vakuumski cevni tehnika in tehnologija CRT cev določeno ustreznost, BOE odločila, da poseže v elektronskim topom, kot so steklo, ki tvori velik del investicijskega poslovanja.

Novembra 1993 je BOE in Asahi Corporation, ki je skupno podjetje, v Pekingu Asahi Electronic Glass Co Ltd (kasneje preimenovan v Peking Asahi Electronic Glass), proizvodnja kinescope stekleno paličico in z nizkim tališčem spajka stekla. Celotno porodu družbe, kar predstavlja 62% tržni delež na domačem, ki predstavlja delež svetovnega trga za 20%. Od decembra 1995 je BOE in Japonska terminal Corporation skupno podjetje, proizvodnja terminalov in priključkov; Aprila 1996 oziroma nishin Corporation skupno podjetje, proizvodnja elektronskih pištolo in dodatno opremo. Na tej stopnji je BOE v slabem položaju, skupno podjetje ne presega 50%.

Po 4 letih časa moč prihrankov, BOE postopoma obvlada stanje deleža v skupnem podjetju energije. Leta 1997 je BOE in Tajvana AOC tehnologijo skupnega podjetja, ustanovljena orientalske AOC Electronics Co Ltd (BOE delnice znašal 51%), dana v obratovanje leta 1999 po uspehu dobička, zaslon namizni računalnik, da se doseže prvi CRT na svetu.

Pravica strategije preživetja, BOE pomagal pri premagovanju najbolj težavno obdobje podjetništva. Dobiček iz leta 1994 (8 milijonov juanov), v letu 1997 dosegla dobiček v višini 50 milijonov $. Junija 10, 1997, deleži BOE B, ki kotirajo na Shenzhen Stock Exchange, postavljeno 350 milijonov HK $. To je prvič, da je BOE se lahko uporablja, da vlagajo denar. V življenjskih pogojev podjetij temeljito izboljšanih, BOE predlagala agresivno poslovno strategijo. Ena je bila industrija vodilna v podjetju, ne bo pripravljen do drugih. Vojaške podjetja težko značaj in zamenjave strahu, naj odločitev o upravljanju BOE: za vstop iz tradicionalnega domene na novega zaslona industriji.

Prej, tudi v najtežjem času podjetja, še vedno vzdržuje v diviziji BOE LCD. To je težko podpreti, veliko število tehničnega osebja morali zapustiti. V tistem času, glavni inženir predlagal, da gredo na inženirski center Tsinghua University. Wang Dongsheng ni strinjal, potem pa sem mislil, ne denarja, ne le, da naj gredo, z državnim denarjem, da se ohrani tekočino kulture talent, tako dolgo, kot si lahko prišel nazaj na progi. Zato je v prvih 5 let v BOE sprejeti strategijo preživetja, največji cilj je, da se ohrani sistem usposabljanja osebja. Ne bo le veliko število osebja v skupnem podjetju in usposabljanja v šolah in univerzah za nadaljnje študije, je nekaj ljudi, da gredo na Japonsko za usposabljanje. Dolgoročna strategija jasno, naj BOE je začela nekaj let vnaprej za talent rezerv industrije, ki je pomemben dejavnik za zmago.

Leta 1998, TFT-LCD v svetovnem ploskih zaslonsko tehnologijo prednost postopoma jasno je BOE začela postavitev na področju zaslonu z ravnim zaslonom. Novembra istega leta je pridobitev Zhejiang Vacuum Electronics Co., Ltd., 60% delnic, oblikovanju Zhejiang BOE, da za vstop v polje VFD (majhen zaslon velikosti). 1999 pridobitev Shenzhen črko Bridge inteligentni tehnološko podjetje, ustanovljeno sistem inteligentne zaslona Shenzhen BOE, da vstopijo v LED. V decembru 2000, BOE kot delnice izdajo v Shenzhen, financiranje 970 milijonov juanov. Doslej je imela BOE flex svoje mišice moč.

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Pridobitev sodobnega korejskega LCD poslovanja

Priložnost vedno daje prednost tistim, ki so pripravljeni. Po azijske finančne krize v letu 1997, Hyundai Group v letu 2000, nastanek težav denarnih tokov, ki izhajajo v korejskem borzne krize. Sodobna skupina v bo moderne elektronske razpade, ločeni, preimenovala Hynix Semiconductor Corporation, in HYDIS (Modern Display Technology Co Ltd) je odgovoren za LCD poslovanja hčerinske družbe. Do leta 2001, je Hyundai ni mogla še naprej vlagati v LCD posel, in se odločili, da prodajo HYDIS delež.

Za TFT-LCD industrija je prag, ki je videti v priložnost za BOE, to je priložnost v življenju. HYDIS ima 2 in 3 generacije, 3.5 generacijo treh proizvodnih linij, letna proizvodna zmogljivost za več kot 3 milijone, razvrstitev deveto mesto v več kot 20 podjetjih plošči na svetu, ki ga pripravi 17-palčni zaslon, ki je na tretjem mestu na svetu; ima neodvisna R & R institucije, R & R projekti zajemajo materiale, rezervni deli, tekoče kristale in njegova priprava aktivno razvija 4 litografijo in kristalno spuščanje tehnologijo tekočino, s 300 patenti, razvoj FFS širok perspektive tehnologije je eden od svetovnih tri osrednje tehnologije; it also has a marketing network resources complete market ability, all over the world.

At that time showed the acquisition of interest in the United States, Japan, Taiwan and other enterprises, in order to reduce the risk of overseas mergers and acquisitions, BOE selection and Taiwan joint bid for the company of the sword. In June 2001, the BOE joint enterprises and modern group signed a letter of intent, the transferee 80.1% stake in HYDIS, the remaining 19.9% is held by the Hyundai group. In November of that year, the BOE is independent of the acquisition of STN-LCD and HYNIX's OLED business, and established an independent company in South korea. (Taiwan sword degree in process and the BOE cooperation, even small movements, the BOE's intelligence to South Korea and South Korea; but this time the BOE has established a good relationship, timely informed to the BOE BOE, then exit. The Taiwan company signed an exclusive agreement with HYDIS to buy HYDIS for $650 million and pay a deposit of $10 million, but ultimately failed to raise money for abortion. Taiwan sword in 2004 by the Taiwan's takeover, renamed as Hong Technology).

Taiwan sword of exit, the BOE comeback in 2002 and HYNIX signed an agreement of intent, because of the modern group debt crisis deepens, coupled with the second half of 2002 LCD suffered recession period, the rush to sell. South Korea agreed to the final price of $380 million, all of the equity transfer of HYDIS to the boe. In order to avoid risks, the BOE set up BOE in South Korea (BOE) -HYDIS, and to the South Korean assets mortgage subsidiary, successful loan of $230 million from the Bank of Korea, plus the BOE investment of $150 million, the two sides in January 21, 2003 officially sold, this time from the beginning for nearly two years.

The appropriate transaction, the delivery of assets in January 2003 after the completion of the preliminary, the global panel market prices immediately began to rise, prosperity continued until June 2004. During this period BOE-HYDIS earnings $60 million. The acquisition of resources, solve the technical sources, BOE patent barriers, starting the market and core technical personnel and other strategic issues. To lay a solid foundation for the BOE "overseas acquisitions, domestic rooted road.

In September 26, 2003, the BOE to invest 10 billion 300 million yuan in Beijing Yizhuang economic and Technological Development Zone, built the first 5 lines (second). The BOE BOE shares accounted for 75%, South Korea $125 million investment in shares accounted for 25%. The success of overseas acquisitions, domestic 5 generation line construction and the time of liquid crystal cycle increases, prompting Wang Dongsheng's "ambition" expansion, he will rapidly expand the business scale, go with liquid crystal giants. The BOE has carried out three major strategies: immediately grounded plan, overseas listing and team ownership. The "root plan" is through the 5 line construction, the ability to acquire the localization; "overseas listing" is based on the LCD business in the overseas market, to raise the funds required for the 5 generation line; "team ownership" is the implementation of equity incentive plan, with the BOE together into the back lock shaft. Wang Dongsheng's wishful thinking is this: if the overseas listing is successful, can be used to raise $1 billion 200 million in funding the 5 generation line investment within 5 years, then holdings of 12 to $3 billion, while the construction of the 6 generation and the 7.5 generation of a line. If these goals can be reached, the BOE in 2008 to enter the world top 5, a chance to win the top three industry.

But this idea was destroyed by a small event. In June 2, 2004 the "Beijing News" published an article on "BOE curve MBO hidden wealth surge puzzle" article executives, questioned the BOE management stock ownership plan, the Commission halted the BOE Hongkong listing plan. Listing and financing after the bursting of the BOE had to seek bank loans for the construction of the 5 generation line financing. In April 8, 2005, led by the Construction Bank China, including CDB, Chinese bank, bank, bank, Huaxia Bank, China Merchants Bank, Beijing bank, Xiamen international bank, nine bank syndicate, signed a $740 million loan contract with the BOE 5 generation line for construction. In addition, the Beijing municipal government provided 2 billion 800 million yuan of loans. 90% of the total investment of the 5 generation line from bank loans, such a financial structure was later proved to be a lot of risk, but also to make its original idea of the expansion plan aborted.

In order to ensure that there is a market starting in 2003, BOE spent HK $1 billion 30 million acquisition of Taiwan AOC 26.38% stake, becoming its largest shareholder. AOC was the world's largest computer monitor on behalf of industry and commerce, annual sales of more than 22 million units, accounting for the global market share of 35%. The acquisition of AOC to solve the marketing problems of BOE 5 generation line 1/3. In May 25, 2005, BOE 5 generation production line successfully. Since then, the production of high yield, from the initial stage of the monthly production in March, expanded to 60 thousand in August 2006, in September 2007 reached 80 thousand, in July 2008 has reached a monthly output of 100 thousand. Become one of the best production lines of international operation efficiency and profitability.

The 5 generation of the successful production line, as the BOE industry personnel training "learning platform". In the process of development, the BOE professional engineers from less than 300 people, the rapid growth to more than 2 thousand people; then continue to expand production capacity, to provide manpower reserve. In the aspect of technology, the BOE in acquiring the South Korean modern FFS wide viewing technology, continuous research and development of a large number of additional proprietary patents, especially the HYDIS 3.5 generation line amplification to the 5 generation line, a large number of unique technology breakthrough, the formation of AFFS wide angle patent system. Because AFFS is more advanced than SHARP's VA technology, Samsung and LG have proposed cooperation with. At the same time, the BOE 5 generation line, also attracted dozens of upstream manufacturers (by international enterprises) investment in the vicinity of Yizhuang, the. Suppliers to join, become an important source of BOE absorb external of the latest technology.

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Beijing Yizhuang BOE 5 generation line production workshop

Almost died before dawn

The liquid crystal cycle began to rise from 2003, 15 inch LCD panel prices had soared to $230 per piece, which had just acquired South Korea HYDIS BOE group, 11 billion 180 million yuan, a record year revenue soared 133.7%; net profit of 403 million yuan, increased 386.7% over the previous year. But from the beginning of the second half of 2004, the LCD cycle into the recession, 15 inch panel prices fell to $145. Not only South Korea began to BOE Beijing 5 generation line losses, and in 2005 the first production also coincided with the trough. Because this is the first production line of BOE, the initial yield is not high resulting in operating losses, coupled with the 5 generation line that must be extracted 1 billion 300 million yuan of equipment depreciation, loss of 1 billion 600 million yuan in 2005 boe. This is the first annual loss since the company was founded in 93. In 2006, the market is still sluggish, prices continue to decline, BOE annual loss of more than 1 billion 700 million yuan.

Two consecutive years of losses brought great pressure to the boe. An important reason is that the pressure is almost unbearable: when the 5 generation line not listed overseas financing, but with bank loans, the BOE's financial burden is very heavy. 5 generation line equipment depreciation takes 7 years, and bank loans require settlement in 5 years. By April 2007, the 5 generation line into the syndicated loan repayment period. At this time the BOE is unable to repay, the only way is to get the loan, otherwise the company's cash flow will break.

Under great pressure, the BOE began around for help, please Beijing municipal government to coordinate, and invited each bank in syndicated to Beijing 5 generation line to visit, to explain why they need extension. After hard work, in the end of May 2007, the banks agreed to extend the loan period from 5 years to 10 years. This is what makes the BOE back to life. In order to alleviate the financial crisis, some BOE began to sell assets to obtain cash. In May 2007, the BOE to HK $2 billion 400 million sold a stake in AOC. The money used to repay the loan, the company's debt ratio decreased from 78% to 50%.

Later BOE Korea BOE-HYDIS shares are sold, although not entirely out of the financial pressure. After entering the LCD recession, BOE-HYDIS began to lose. Originally prepared to adjust structure of the BOE (such as the production of labor-intensive Chinese moved from 1700 workers, will be cut to 800), but was firmly opposed to the local union. The BOE had put forward the patent ownership buy it all as the injection conditions, but did not talk to. Due to insolvency, BOE-HYDIS entered the judicial process. In May 2007, the Korean court will start the regeneration process, BOE-HYDIS to $300 million transferred to Taiwan PVI, BOE all exit (BOE-HYDIS also holds a 10% stake in Beijing 5 generation line).

The crisis also contributed to the growth of enterprises, in the huge financial pressure, the BOE internal started the "3020" action, that is to improve the product value of 30%, 20% to reduce the unit cost, speed and quality. All the staff were mobilized and several thousands of improvement measures were put forward to reduce the production cost. In order to stabilize the team, the BOE will wages increased by 20-40%, the initiative to further stimulate the employees. At the same time, the BOE to further strengthen the marketing power, reorganization of the sales department, the sales team stationed in the factory to the customers, enhance customer service response speed. By 2006, the BOE has customers including Samsung, LG, PHILPS and DELL and other famous company. At the same time, efforts to explore the market crisis, the BOE in China market rapidly rising sales, by July 2007, China district sales have reached 55 thousand a month, 8 times a year ago, China similar products in the market, almost entirely by the BOE occupation.

The ability of rapid growth in the crisis, which laid the foundation for the BOE better operating conditions. In June 2007, the global LCD panel market began to pick up, the BOE realized the first quarter earnings. The 5 generation of all-round improvement of the operation of the line, the BOE in 2007 net profit of 700 million yuan, and at this stage quickly paid off most of the debt. But the roller coaster effect LCD cycle continues, the first half of 2008, BOE profit 700 million yuan, to the second half of the year, the financial tsunami, the global TFT market once again plunged into recession. The BOE flagship 19 inch LCD screen as an example, the first half of 2008 the price of $120 per piece, to January 2009 has dropped to about $50, resulting in the first half of the loss of more than 1 billion 300 million yuan. The draw, 2008 annual loss of 800 million yuan boe.

But with a recession confound different, the latest round of this recession, despite the losses, the financial basis of the BOE, because most of the pay off bank loans, much more stable than before. Especially after 1 years before the test of life and death, the BOE for LCD cycle has a very strong psychological ability. Then, with a struggle for survival on the contrary, in the liquid crystal recession cycle has not ended, the BOE began a massive expansion of the pace. This is a global TFT LCD panel industry nervous cycle of anti cycle.

A contrarian expansion LCD storm

As the LCD industry development calendar proves , enter this industry was like riding a tiger, uncomfortable riding down, but more dangerous. As long as you do not want to quit, you must continue to expand the scale of investment. BOE management is very clear: the 5 generation line cutting panel, and can supply the most potential market, large screen LCD tv. China is the world's largest LCD TV market, annual sales of more than 30 million units, the output value of more than one hundred billion yuan. As the core of the large-size LCD panel, all rely on imports.

BOE 5 generation line after the completion of the expansion plan, should start from the "dragon plan" in Shenzhen. The second half of 2005, in support of the Shenzhen municipal government, by restricting the import panel the pain of SKYWORTH, TCL, Konka, Changhong and other four color TV giant, plans for a joint venture in Shenzhen construction of the 6 generation LCD panel production line. But in the pursuit of technical support to foreign companies, or simply refused, or be asked for a huge transfer fee. So they take the initiative to find the BOE, each accounted for 40% of the shares, plus the super company (on behalf of the Shenzhen municipal government) accounted for 20% of the shares, the formation of the Shenzhen Julong photoelectric company (registered capital of 8 million yuan). Shenzhen municipal government also expressed willingness to provide 7 billion 700 million yuan of financial support.

In fact, in the preparation of BOE 5 generation line, while the establishment of the B2 project of the 6 generation line, just because the overseas listing plan to implement the abortion. Dragon plan agreed immediately on the formation of the BOE technology team of hundreds of people. But after the news came out of the Dragon plan, the Japanese SHARP in June 2006 to take the initiative to build a 7.5 generation line of Shenzhen's plan, the Shenzhen municipal government and the four major color TV giants have shaken. Changhong simply do the withdrawal of plasma (PDP), BOE languishes in. After a year of negotiations, SHARP violated its original commitment to require the transfer of technology under the control of the case, leading to negotiations to terminate in September 2007. SHARP later went to Shanghai when the spoiler, SHARP and SVA cooperation of the 6 generation line project has been approved, it withdrew from the. In this way, the Japanese played around the country after a circle, so that China's high generation LCD panel production line at least postponed 2-3 years. China's imports of more than 30 billion US dollars a year panel.

At the end of 2006, the BOE and SVA NEC losses were 1 billion 500 million and 2 billion yuan, Ivo is difficult. In this case, the three companies have explored the integration, but it is difficult to reach a consensus on the management of the dominant. By 2007 the market improves, it will settle a matter by leaving it unsettled. In the next development strategy, think on the high generation line of BOE to the risk is too big, so I decided to choose a into can attack, retreat to the road of low generation line construction investment scale is small, small and medium-sized market in the LCD panel market to the strongest, and then to Gao Shidai to Xian Kuozhang.

In 2007 through the financial crisis, the BOE had started to expand the opportunity, and the first step is the construction of Chengdu in a 4.5 generation line. This project comes from the Dragon plan, several local governments (Wuhan, Chengdu, Changchun etc.) the possibility of actively looking for talks at the local BOE production line. Because of Chengdu city to provide better conditions, the two sides hit it off.

Although not built high generation production line, but the Chengdu 4.5 generation line to take the mode of financing, is a significant breakthrough for later BOE construction of the 6 generation and 8.5 generation line opened a financing channel. The success of this model from the Beijing municipal government to invest in the 5 generation line. Previously, the Beijing municipal government (by SASAC Beijing industrial investment company) 2 billion 800 million loan to the BOE to support the 5 generation line construction. In the later encountered financial difficulties, the BOE BOE loans into shares, on the one hand can help the BOE survive, while the government can still through the capital market recovery funds.

The Beijing municipal government agreed to this approach. It turned out that this investment is very cost-effective for Beijing. In addition due to the project and get revenue (profit and $about 1000000000 each year on the 5 generation line upstream matching enterprises taxes paid 2 billion 780 million yuan), later BOE's stock price from 2.72 yuan debt of up to 12 yuan, the Beijing municipal government in the share price of 10 yuan will be half of the Equity Cash sold 2 billion yuan and the rest of the equity market capitalization of more than 2 billion 500 million yuan.

This experience shows a new way of financing for the BOE: to the government or the specific "strategic investors" issuance of shares to obtain enough capital. So this model is applied to the Chengdu project. Chengdu in addition to providing land, tax and other aspects of support, but also provide financial support. In July 2008, the BOE had a private placement for the Chengdu 4.5 generation line, Chengdu to the issuance of shares of 1 billion 800 million yuan. In addition, the National Development Bank led consortium to provide 1 billion 600 million yuan of loans, and the repayment period is 10 years. In March 2008, second of the TFT line of BOE, Chengdu 4.5 generation line project, a total investment of 3 billion 400 million yuan, to mass production in October 2009, April 2010 reached full production. The utility model relates to a small size liquid crystal screen which is mainly used for mobile multimedia terminals. The completion of this round of investment, the BOE's capital channel and industrial development through the basic relationship.

Once you find a new financing mode, the BOE "ambition" re initiation, start looking for the construction of the 6 generation line opportunities; and the target is mainly aimed at three areas of the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Bohai bay. Originally the BOE still consider the choice of Shenzhen, in addition to transportation, market and other factors, the 6 generation line to finance 17 billion 500 million yuan, must be with the city has the resources to talk about cooperation. In April 2008, the management of the BOE was invited to visit Anhui Hefei, a Hefei municipal government moved. Site of the Hefei land area has been ready, Shenzhen also promised to how much they gave much. After the evaluation, the BOE found that Hefei is a good choice. Here the east west of the Yangtze River Delta, the hinterland of central China, more important is full of water and electricity supply (a 6 generation line of daily water consumption of more than 20 thousand tons, the power consumption, the Yangtze River amazing) and Chaohu, and Anhui province is a power output. In addition, Hefei's technical personnel intensive, ranking fifth in the country, but the staff is relatively stable. At the same time, Hefei has accumulated a number of relative size of the household electrical appliance industry, but because of the technical content is not high and unstable. Hefei municipal government in full consideration of the risks, make the BOE 6 generation line project.

The autumn of 2008, BOE signed with the Hefei city 6 generation line capital framework agreement, Hefei promised invested 6 billion yuan, and 9 billion yuan in additional promise guarantee is not successful. In April 13, 2009, plans to invest 17 billion 500 million yuan in the BOE 6 generation line in Hefei started. Due to the construction of the BOE 6 generation line, has been for 3 years, so technically very confident. November 17, 2010 Hefei 6 generation line production, the design of the monthly production capacity of 90 thousand, the main cutting 18-37 inch TV and computer display.

In June 8, 2009, the BOE is approved by the Commission after the announcement, the issuance of 12 billion yuan for the Hefei 6 generation line orientation. As the community optimistic about the LCD industry (the central government has been listed as the focus of the development of new types of monitors), coupled with the local government to join, making investors confidence. The BOE smoothly from the capital market to raise 12 billion yuan, the Hefei municipal government only paid 3 billion yuan, let the 6 generation line settled in Hefei. And after the 6 generation line construction, has attracted more than a dozen supporting enterprises in Hefei development zone. This cluster of industries, so that Hefei had to apply to the central government to increase the Development Zone land permit.

After the financial crisis in 2008, in response to the threat of recession, the Chinese government has also launched a counter cyclical investment, launched a 4 trillion investment plan. Beijing municipal government for stimulating domestic demand, investment projects, the person in charge of the Yizhuang Development Zone, immediately think of the BOE 8 generation line. In fact, early to declare BOE 8 generation line project to the city, but was then busy with the Olympic leaders to attend to the matter. The support from the government, the BOE 8 generation line immediately enter the program implementation phase. In August 31, 2009, BOE 8 generation line (after adjustment for the 8.5 generation line) foundation in Beijing Yizhuang Development Zone, a total investment of 28 billion yuan. Since the 8.5 generation line in the process of the line with the 6 generation and there is no essential difference, but the process has increased the difficulty, so the project is advancing very quickly. Samsung, LG, SHARP are built in the 5, after the 6 generation line, built the line of the 8 generation

BOE 8.5 generation line project construction area of about 710 thousand square meters, is located in Beijing Yizhuang economic and Technological Development Zone East of C1, C2, C5, C6 block, including the array of factories, into a box factory and color film factory, factory module and comprehensive power station, comprehensive office building, sewage treatment plant and other facilities. Design capacity of 90 thousand glass substrates per month, substrate size 2200mm * 2500mm. In July 31, 2010, building the main structure of the cap, the end of December 2010 began to move into the process equipment. Plans to put into operation in 2011, the three quarter of June 2011 to achieve mass production. After the project put into operation, can drive a large number of supporting enterprises, the annual output value of nearly 100 billion yuan, providing more than 20 thousand jobs. Beijing municipal government, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry has given strong support for the project. In April 2009, the national development and Reform Commission approved the first Chinese TFT-LCD technology in the establishment of the National Engineering Laboratory, boe. In order to promote the development of liquid crystal display devices, the integration of upstream and downstream technology, marking and personnel training.

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The remnants of the 798 Art District in Beijing bauhaus. This huge factory was originally Beijing radio three factory, built in 1957. Since the 50s of last century, China has built a large number of electronic enterprises, but in the planned economy system, most of these enterprises failed to form competitiveness. To the 80s of last century, a large number of technological transformation in bankruptcy.